By Gavin Anderson and Howard Richards
Edited by Dignity Press
This article advocates a naturalist and realist ethics of solidarity. Specifically, it argues that human needs should be met; and that they should be met in harmony with the environment. Realism should include respect for existing cultures and the morals presently being practiced – with reasonable exceptions. Dignity must come in a form understood and appreciated by the person whose dignity is being respected. It is also argued that naturalist ethics are needed to combat liberal ethics, not least because the latter supports today’s inflexible and dysfunctional institutions. In arguing for these positions, reference is made to the naturalist realist ethics of Georges Canguilhem, C.H. Waddington, John Dewey
and David Sloan Wilson, all of whom embed the social order in the natural order.
I refer to the unsolved ones, not to those that are pretty satisfactorily solved already. I focus on our two acronyms SF1 and SF2, where SF can be read as Staggering Fact or as Structural Fact. In the terminology of John Maynard Keynes SF1 generates a chronic shortfall of the inducement to invest. Once a society comes to depend on investment-for-the-sake-of-production-for-the-sake-of-sale-for- the- sake-of-profit to meet its needs, investment becomes its drug. It can never get enough of it. SF2 generates a chronic insufficiency of effective demand.
An introduction to Activity Theory
Mary van der Riet
University of Kwazulu – South Africa
(transcript R.Carmen – July 2014)
Cultural-historical activity theory, or CHAT, with its roots in Soviet psychology, and Marx and Engels, has emerged as a significant phenomenon in the last few decades. This video introduces the notion of CHAT, locating it historically in the work of Vygotsky, Leont’ev and Engeström. It then develops the notion of activity system analysis based on Engeström’s work.
Prepared by Howard Richards
With the support of professors Catherine Hoppers (South Africa), Joanna Swanger (USA) and Alicia Cabezudo (Argentina)
The concept of UNBOUNDED ORGANIZATION grew out of Gavin Andersson´s experience with a now half-century old, surprisingly effective, but still little-known activity called an ORGANIZATION WORKSHOP. The pioneer who created the OW was the Brazilian educator, lawyer, and activist Clodomir Santos de Morais